AskDefine | Define machinery

Dictionary Definition



1 machines or machine systems collectively
2 a system of means and activities whereby a social institution functions; "the complex machinery of negotiation"; "the machinery of command labored and brought forth an order"

User Contributed Dictionary




  1. The working parts of a machine as a group.
  2. The collective parts of something which allow it to function.


  • Croatian: mašinerija
  • German: Maschinerie
  • Finnish: koneisto
  • Spanish: maquinaria, mecánica

Extensive Definition

The scientific definition of a "machine" (derived from the Latin machina) is any device that transmits or modifies energy. In common usage, the meaning is that of devices having parts that perform or assist in performing any type of work (cf Concise Oxford Dictionary). Machines normally require some energy source ("input") and always accomplish some sort of work ("output"). Devices with no rigid moving parts can be considered tools.
A machine is anything that makes work easier.
People have used mechanisms to, or transform one form of motion or energy into another.
The mechanical advantage of a simple machine is the ratio between the force it exerts on the load and the input force applied. This does not entirely describe the machine's performance, as force is required to overcome friction as well. The mechanical efficiency of a machine is the ratio of the actual mechanical advantage (AMA) to the ideal mechanical advantage (IMA). Functioning physical machines are always less than 100% efficient.
Modern power tools, automated machine tools, and human-operated power machinery are tools that are also machines. Machines used to transform heat or other energy into mechanical energy are known as engines.
Compound machines are composed of more elementary machines called simple machines, such as the wedge and the pulley. Machines are considered simple machines if they perform their action in one movement. These devices may also be used to support industrial applications, although devices entirely lacking rigid moving parts are not commonly considered machines. Hydraulics are widely used in heavy equipment industries, automobile industries, marine industries, aeronautical industries, construction equipment industries, and earthmoving equipment industries.

Types of machines and other devices


machinery in Azerbaijani: Maşın
machinery in Bulgarian: Машина
machinery in Catalan: Màquina
machinery in Czech: Stroj
machinery in Danish: Maskine
machinery in German: Maschine
machinery in Estonian: Masin
machinery in Modern Greek (1453-): Μηχανή
machinery in Spanish: Máquina
machinery in Esperanto: Maŝino
machinery in French: Machine
machinery in Galician: Máquina
machinery in Korean: 기계
machinery in Croatian: Strojevi
machinery in Ido: Mashino
machinery in Indonesian: Mesin
machinery in Icelandic: Vél
machinery in Italian: Macchina
machinery in Hebrew: מכונה
machinery in Latin: Machina
machinery in Malay (macrolanguage): Mesin
machinery in Dutch: Machine
machinery in Japanese: 機械
machinery in Norwegian: Maskin
machinery in Norwegian Nynorsk: Maskin
machinery in Polish: Maszyna
machinery in Portuguese: Máquina
machinery in Russian: Машина
machinery in Simple English: Machine
machinery in Slovak: Stroj
machinery in Slovenian: Stroj
machinery in Finnish: Kone
machinery in Swedish: Maskin
machinery in Tagalog: Makina
machinery in Tamil: இயந்திரம்
machinery in Turkish: Makine
machinery in Ukrainian: Машина
machinery in Urdu: آلہ
machinery in Wolof: Wuutuloxo
machinery in Chinese: 機械

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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